There are numerous critical issues that US children face today, the three that were identified are childhood obesity, in-school and community violence, and early puberty. Some goals that should help the children past these issues are movement skill acquisition, physical activity and fitness enhancement, cognitive learning, and affective growth. There are numerous factors that explain relationships that lead to the development of the "whole" child, and these are things such as the biology of the individual, the conditions of their learning environment, and requirements of the movement task.
Individual appropriateness is the inclusion of learning experiences into the physical education program geared to learners phases and stages of motor development and the levels and stages of movement skill learning. While age-group appropriateness is the inclusion of learning experiences into the physical education experience based on chronological age or grade-level.
Fundamental movement skills include locomotion and manipulation, examples of locomotion are walking, running, and leaping and examples of manipulation are ball rolling, throwing and kicking.Other types of movements are axial such as bending or stretching, or static/dynamic such as rolling and starting.
Physical fitness is defined as health related fitness and performance related fitness.